Wednesday, May 30, 2012

World No Tobacco Day: May 31st 2012

World No Tobacco Day (WNTD), Celebrates on 31st may every year around the world. Which is promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO) to focus everybody’s attention to tobacco’s negative health effects. This year No Tobacco Day will observed in whole world on Thursday May 31st 2012.

                                           On 31st may each year WHO celebrates world no tobacco day, highlighting the health risks associated with tobacco use and advocating for effective policies to reduce consumption. Tobacco use is the second cause of death globally ( after Hypertension) and is currently responsible for killing one in 10 adults worldwide. The World Health Assembly created World No Tobacco Day in 1987 to draw global attention to the tobacco epidemic and its lethal effects. It provides an opportunity to highlight specific tobacco control messages and to promote adherence to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Tobacco use is the number one preventable epidemic that the health community faces.

Quitting tobacco  : 

                                               Quitting tobacco is not easy as tobacco dependence is a cluster of behavioural, cognitive and physiological phenomena. Very few tobacco users can successfully quit the habit in their first attempt. But the evidence is strong that it can be done. From quit lines to counselling to prescription medicines, there are numerous effective ways to quit.

Tabacco Free Initiative

Do you know?
All types of tobacco products including:
Description: *      Cigerattes, Bidis, Kreteks, Cheroots, pipes, cigars, hookahs
Description: *      Gul, Khaini, Gutka, Jarda, betel quid with tobacco,
Description: *      Tobacco with paan
Description: *      Tobacco paste for gum and teeth
 Smoking Causes :
Description: *   Cancers like lung cancer, oral cancer, kidney cancer and stomach cancer.
Description: *   Lung diseases like bronchitis, asthma, coughing and increased risk of TB.
Description: *   Heart diseases like ischaemic heart  disease, stroke.
Description: *   Impotency and infertility in men and women
Description: *   Preterm delivery, Stillbirth, Low birth weight and Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

What You Can do ?
Avoid experimenting with tobacco

Exposure to Second-hand Smoke (SHS)
Description: *     If you are a tobacco user ask your nearby health worker or doctor about the way to quit tobacco use.   
 Description: *    Your determination for keeping healthy is enough for quitting the dangerous habit.
Smoke that comes from the burning end of a cigarette, beedi, cigar or hookah and the smoke exhaled by the smoker are as harmful as smoking itself.
Description: *      Second-hand smoke contains more than 50 cancer-causing chemicals
Description: *      It increases the risks of cancer and heart & chest diseases like bronchitis and pneumonia.
Description: *      It hampers the growth of the baby in the mother’s womb
Description: *      It causes asthma and ear infection in children.
Description: *      Children, pregnant women and older people are most vulnerable.
There is no level of safe exposure to second-hand smoke.
What you can to do?
You can protect yourself and your loved ones by:
Description: *      Making your home and car smoke-free.
Description: *      Asking people not to smoke around   you and your children.
Description: *      Teaching children to stay away from smoke.
Description: *      Remind the smokers about the provisions of smoke-free laws
Description: *      Choosing restaurants and other businesses that are smoke-free.
Description: *      If your spouse or partner smokes, have him or her refrain from smoking indoors.
Chewing tobacco causes

Description: *      Oral and throat cancers
Description: *      Increased risk of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases
Description: *      Decomposing and decaying teeth
Description: *      Increased risk of women to give still birth and low birth-weight babies
Description: *      Bad breadth
Description: *      Bad habit of spitting every where

What you can do?

Description: *      Quit tobacco products and live a healthy and clean life.
Description: *      Ask the nearby health worker, or your physician how to quit tobacco products

No Tobaco day : May 31st 2012
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Friday, May 25, 2012

International Biodiversity Day!

What is biodiversity?

Simply put, it is the amazingly wide variety of species and sub-species of birds, animals, insects, micro-organisms and plants…all around us.
Right from the tiniest of single-celled organisms to centipedes, to algae, to cockroaches, dogs, eagles, sparrows,  wilder-beasts and what not,  biodiversity helps us live, and live healthy on this planet that we call home.
So obvious?
Yet, most of the times, what escapes most of our understanding is that the existence and safety of each species is so deeply interwoven with the other, that even the smallest of imbalances can jeopardize the life of many or some species on our planet.
Yes it should be. So what affects this balance?
  • Urbanization
  • Unplanned deforestation
  • Soil erosion by mining, industrialization and other causes
  • Introduction of non-local species, that may intrude on the local ecology
  • Destruction of habitat
  • Pollution
These are some of the major causes of biodiversity being threatened.
Let’s take some time out to understand what is being done, and what we can do, to help.
Let us start with a focus on Marine Biodiversity.  Why?
Marine Biodiversity is the theme for this year’s International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB).
Designation of IDB 2012 on the theme of marine ecosystems provides Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and everyone interested in marine life, the opportunity to raise awareness of the issue and increase practical action. From 2000 to 2010, an unprecedented worldwide collaboration by scientists around the world set out to try and determine how much life is in the sea.
Dubbed the ‘Census of Marine Life’, the effort involved 2,700 scientists from over 80 nations, who participated in 540 expeditions around the world. They studied surface seawater and probed the deepest, darkest depths of the ocean, sailed tropical seas and explored ice-strewn oceans in the Arctic and Antarctic.
(Source :
Marine organisms play a crucial role in almost all biogeochemical processes that sustain the biosphere, and provide a variety of products (goods) and functions (services) which are essential to humankind’s well-being.
Besides these, marine ecosystems deliver a series of services that are essential to the proper functioning of the Earth. These include the production and mineralization of organic material, the storage of carbon, the storage of pollutants and waste products from land, the buffering of the climate and of climate change, coastal protection (mangroves, dune-beach systems, coral reefs). Most of these services are delivered by microscopic organisms.
And unmanaged fishing, pollution and destruction of our coastlines are some of the prime causes that threaten Marine Biodiversity across the world.
What can you do to help?
Raise awareness: You can join in too! Help spread the message. Get involved.
Reduce. Reuse. Recycle. Stop the use of bottled drinking water. Buy local. Use plastic sparingly. Eat sustainable sources of sea food. Reduce dependency on oil and gas; carpool or walk or take a bike! Buy clean and green products.

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